What Was Alternative Manga?What Was Alternative Manga?

Douglas Fairbanks, Robin Hood (1922).

The Mysterious Clover: Matsumoto Katsuji, Douglas Fairbanks, and the Reformed Modern Girl

Last time, I argued that one of the first commodity icons of Japanese kawaii was probably based on a mix of Grace Drayton’s New Kids dolls and American jazz age cartooning. This time I want to focus on a sixteen-page comic published as a premium insert furoku for “a girl’s best friend,” the magazine Shōjo no tomo, in April 1934. Continue reading

Matsumoto Katsuji, illustration for Hans Christian Andersen's What the Moon Saw, Shōjo no Tomo (January 1934).

Matsumoto Katsuji and the American Roots of Kawaii

A look at shojo manga pioneer Matsumoto Katsuji (1904-86). Continue reading

Shinohara Ushio,

Shinohara Ushio’s Action Cartooning

A lost body of work we might simply call “action cartooning,” a name that captures the two art historical currents that underwrite Ushio Shinohara’s figurative work, Continue reading

Leora Smith, Odawara (1946-47).

Seduction of the Innocent, Hiroshima 1950

An interesting research detour. Continue reading

Mayukh Choudhury.

Bengal’s Drighangchoo: An Interview with Deeptanil Ray

I had been under the impression that Comix India, inaugurated in 2010, was the first amateur comics magazine in India. It might have been the first with significant heft and geographical reach. Chronologically, however, there is at least one precedent. Continue reading

Rita Circulating Library, Marine Lines, Mumbai.

Poor Little Rich Boys: The Art of the Mumbai Circulating Library

Upon publishing the interview with Leaping Windows Comics Café, I was informed by an elder Indian that rental bookstores – locally called “circulating libraries” – are not uncommon in Mumbai. There used to be more, I was told, but there … Continue reading

Vishwajyoti Ghosh, Delhi Calm (2010).

Inverted Calm: An Interview with Vishwajyoti Ghosh

Vishwajyoti Ghosh is the real deal: an original and talented cartoonist with serious social commitments, and a smooth organizer of human resources as an editor and activist. Continue reading


The Name Garo: Shirato Sanpei and the Indo-Manga Connection

Uncovering the meaning of the name Garo Continue reading